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Medicare and Medicaid are government-run well being care packages meant to serve totally different populations:
Medicare is an insurance coverage program that primarily serves individuals 65 and older, no matter revenue.
Medicaid is an help program that gives medical health insurance to low-income individuals of all ages.
Some individuals get each Medicare and Medicaid. Medicaid can assist pay Medicare premiums, deductibles and copays for impoverished individuals. Medicaid additionally pays for nursing house and different long-term care, bills that aren’t sometimes lined by Medicare.
Key issues to learn about Medicare:
Medicare protection isn’t primarily based on revenue
You’re eligible when you flip 65, so long as you’re a U.S. citizen or authorized everlasting resident. Medicare additionally covers youthful individuals with disabilities and sure ailments, together with finish stage renal illness (kidney failure) and Lou Gehrig’s illness or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Individuals with larger incomes pay bigger premiums for sure components of Medicare, however eligibility isn’t restricted by revenue.
Medicare isn’t free
Individuals who have labored 40 qualifying quarters (10 years), and their spouses or qualifying ex-spouses, pay no premiums for Medicare Half A, which covers hospitalization. However Medicare recipients sometimes do have out-of-pocket prices, together with deductibles and copays. Medicare Half B, which covers physician’s visits, and Half D, which covers prescriptions, additionally require paying premiums.
Medicare is a federal program
What’s lined and what individuals pay is mostly the identical in each state.
Medicare often doesn’t cowl dependents
The partner or ex-spouse of somebody who’s eligible for protection can be lined by Medicare. However different dependents, together with youngsters, often aren’t lined. There are exceptions: Individuals, together with youngsters, with end-stage renal illness or Lou Gehrig’s illness could qualify by way of the work historical past of a partner or dad or mum.
Key issues to learn about Medicaid:
Medicaid protection is predicated on revenue
Medicaid is accessible in each state to these with incomes beneath the poverty line. Underneath the Inexpensive Care Act, most states have expanded Medicare eligibility to individuals with incomes as much as 138% of the federal poverty line.
Medicaid is usually free
Some individuals could must pay small copays. Medicaid can even make a declare towards individuals’s belongings after they die, however most individuals receiving Medicaid have few or no belongings.
Medicaid is a state and federal program
The federal authorities makes the rules, however this system is run by states so eligibility necessities fluctuate.
Medicaid covers dependents
Medicaid and the associated Kids’s Well being Insurance coverage Program present medical health insurance to greater than 35 million youngsters.